Not shortly after Roger Maris record was broken, another baseball player, Jason Giambi and various other athletes were either suspected of, or proven to have, taken anabolic steroids. Again, Congress convened a hearing, and just as they did the first time in 1990, they did not determine that steroids were a danger, but rather that the danger was more in protecting professional sports organizations. The updated statute has been updated to proscribe pro-hormones also The definition of an anabolic steroid as defined currently in the United States under (41)(A) is that "anabolic steroid" means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens , progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone (7).
On top of that, some of the extra testosterone breaks down into estrogen, the female sex hormone, as a way for the body to stay somewhat balanced. This can lead to some unwanted physical changes. “In the back of muscle magazines, you’ll see ads for surgeries or supplements to help get rid of breasts in men,” Hoffman says. “That’s because of the steroids. The increased estrogen leads to the formation of what’s called ‘bitch tits’ in the gym.” Doctors have also seen a link between steroid use and bad cholesterol , liver cysts , kidney damage , and blood clots .
Many abusers who inject anabolic steroids may use nonsterile injection techniques or share contaminated needles with other abusers. In addition, some steroid preparations are manufactured illegally under nonsterile conditions. These factors put abusers at risk for acquiring lifethreatening viral infections, such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. Abusers also can develop endocarditis, a bacterial infection that causes a potentially fatal inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Bacterial infections also can cause pain and abscess formation at injection sites.